Scčnes de la Csárda No.3, Op.18
Maros Vize--The Waters of the Maros
Scčnes de la Csárda No.3 dates from 1885. It takes its subtitle, Maros vize--The Waters of the Maros--from a Hungarian river of that name. It opens with the piano imitating a cimbalom playing tremolo while the violin plays a passage which imitates gypsy improvisation. Next comes an arpeggio section meant to convey the watery flow, now rising now falling. Then comes a melody based on the Hungarian tune, Slowly flows the Bodrog, also a Hungarian river. Several melodies and sections follow with variations, plucked chords and many special effects. Hubay's 14 Scčnes de la Csárda were composed over a period of forty year period from 1879 to 1920. They were intended for the composer's own use, both in concert performance and teaching. Originally written for violin and piano. some were later orchestrated by the composer. and many of them were dedicated to prominent violinists as well as other important contemporary figures.
Jenö Hubay (1858-1937) was born in Budapest. He studied violin first with his father, concertmaster and conductor of the orchestra at the National Theater, and violin professor of the National Conservatory. Subsequently he studied with Joseph Joachim in Berlin. In 1878, upon the recommendation of Franz Liszt, he moved to Paris where he quickly established himself a leading concert artist. For many years he toured throughout Europe. When the famous violin virtuoso, Vieuxtemps, heard him, he saw in Hubay the continuation of his own artistry and recommended him for the prestigious position of Professor of Violin at the Brussels Conservatoire, a post which he himself and more recently Wieniawski had held. Hubay held the position from 1886-90 after which he settled in Budapest and exchanged his life as a traveling virtuoso for that of composer and teacher, eventually serving as the Director of the Budapest Academy of Music from 1919-34. Many famous violinists numbered among his students, including Stefi Geyer, Ferenc Vecsey, Jozsef Szigeti, Emil Telmanyi, Eddy Brown, Jelly Aranyi, and Jeno (Eugene) Ormandy. A fine string quartet player (Brahms preferred his quartet to any other), Hubay trained many famous string quartets, such as the Waldbauer-Kerpely, the Lener, the Roth and the Vegh.
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(A) Scčnes de la Csárda No.3, Op.18
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