Carl Reinecke

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Trio in B flat Major, Op.274

For Clarinet (or Violin), Horn (or Viola) & Piano

"Age in no way dried up Reinecke’s creative juices and in 1905, not long before his 82nd birthday, he produced his Trio in B Flat Major for Piano, Clarinet & Horn, Op.274. In the opening movement, Allegro, the horn, quite alone, blasts forth the first part to the main theme deliberately, almost triumphantly. Immediately, the clarinet enters and the mood becomes more hesitant. The development is quite dramatic and the role given the piano approaches the orchestral while the winds momentarily become soloists. When things quiet down, there is a mood of dark, almost Brahmsian, introspection. The movement is painted on a big tonal canvas—rich in ideas, updated harmonies and with a instrumental treatment which shows the sure hand of a master composer. The second movement is entitled Ein Marchen—Andante. Brieftly, the piano creates the atmosphere of a Schumann fairy tale. Next comes a rhythmic, muscular Scherzo with two trios. The use of the horn is really first rate as it given the lead for virtually the entire movement. In the first trio, a long, lyric and especially telling solo passage is assigned to it. In the second trio, the clarinet and piano provide a soft and wonderfully contrasting theme. In the finale, Allegro moderato, the fine use of harmony and chromaticism, which is well in advance of Brahms, shows the extent to which Reinecke continued to evolve."---The Chamber Music Journal


Nowadays, Reinecke has been all but forgotten, an unjust fate for a man who excelled in virtually every musical field with which he was involved. As a performer, Reinecke was, during the mid-19th century, reckoned for three decades as one of the finest concert pianists before the public. As a composer, he produced widely respected and often performed works in every genre running the gamut from opera, to orchestral to chamber music. As a conductor, he helped turn the Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra into a group with few if any peers. As its director, he helped the Leipzig Conservatory become what was widely regarded as the finest in the world. As a teacher of composition and of piano, he was considered to have few if any equals. Among his many students were Grieg, Bruch, Janacek, Albeniz, Sinding, Svendsen, Reznicek, Delius, Arthur Sullivan, George Chadwick, Ethel Smyth, Felix Weingartner, Karl Muck and Hugo Riemann. In his time, Reinecke and his music were unquestionably regarded as first rate.


This late, post-Brahmsian, trio is one of the finest of its type. Although originally intended for Clarinet, Horn and Piano, Reinecke's publisher insisted that he compose a version which included strings. This he did and the trio can be played quite effectively in all of the combinations listed below.


(A) Clarinet, Horn & Piano $26.95
(B) Clarinet, Viola & Piano $26.95
(C) Violin, Viola & Piano $26.95
(D) Violin, Horn & Piano $26.95
(E) All Five Parts $34.95




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